Kamchatka was founded on the Kamchatka Peninsula in 2007. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski is the oldest town of Russian Far East with 196 thousand residents.
The climate on the peninsula and the islands is severe with long and frosty winters (average —25°C), and short, chilly and rainy summers (average +12°C).
The nature of the Kamchatka Territory has an amazing diversity such as mountain ridges with glaciers, hills, forest-tundra, taiga, and permafrost areas. In order to keep the natural diversity, dozens of reserves have been arranged. There are also partial reserves like the Karaginsky Island, many natural monuments such as the Valley of Geysers, the Palanskie geothermal springs, Anastasia Bay, the Manchoo Island and Shamanka River. The major treasury of the Region is its nature.
Two largest nature reserves are called Koryaksky and Kronotsky. The Koryaksky Reserve was founded in 1995 and has 35 species of animals inhabit. In contrast to Koryaksky, the Kronotsky reserve is one of the oldest in the country. It was founded in the place of the Soboliny partial reserve since 1992. It’s the only place where 12 active volcanoes and a famous dead volcano Uzon are located.
The Valley of Geysers — the volcano canyon is one of the best attractions of the Kronotsky Reserve. About 20 large geysers and many springs intermittently fountains of hot water with a higher temperature than 95°С or steam are located in this area. Some geysers spout fountains every 10-12 minutes, also open for tourists.
The national park Nalychevo is also worth visiting. The park has a picturesque mountain, tundra and marine landscapes. Active volcanoes are the centers of glacier icing; cirque glacier is developing in the necks of dead volcanoes. There are several thermal springs and cold mineral springs in the headwaters of the Nalycheva River. There are only a few reserves of this kind in the world.
Another large national park is called Bystrinsky. Local attractions include the traditional way of the indigenous life. The original culture of indigenous small peoples is preserved and developed in villages Esso and Anavgay; tourists can enjoy participating in traditional holidays: the Day of First Fish in June, Aboriginal in August, Harvest in September. There is an Ethnographic Museum in village Esso, which displays unique comfort and cultural items of Kamchatka aboriginals.
Amateurs of fishing and rafting will enjoy river routes of various complexity and length from July till October. You will get to the river by helicopter.